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Types of Motivation

Kinds of Motivation

Article by Benedict Smythe

Motivation entails the simple psychological causes for a person's actions and behavior. These are the forces or aspects that trigger a individual to act a particular way or to behave in the manner that they do.

There are various sorts of motivations that can influence a person. These include the following:

Primary or Standard Motivation

This mainly pertains to motives involved with our need for self-preservation. This contains requirements such as hunger and thirst, warmth, sex, avoidance of pain and other main motives which influence a person's behaviour at a extremely simple level.

Secondary Motivation

Much more identified in psychology as "learned" motivation, this sort of "drives" differ from 1 individual to yet another. In a lot of approaches they involve a person's own sense of values and priorities in life.

Several of the behaviour derived from secondary motivation are conscious ones. That is, a person consciously desires a certain aim or result, and behaves in a way that brings them closer to that specific goal. What drives them to do something or to act in a specific way is the longing for some thing which they presently do not have or possess.

This kind of motivation generally falls into two fundamental kinds: intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.

Extrinsic Motivation

Extrinsic motivation is most likely to involve the concept of rewarded behavior. Therefore, by engaging in a particular sort of activity or behaving in a particular manner, you are "rewarded" by a desired end result.

For instance, you are motivated to save money for a vacation. Hence, you resist the urge to make impulsive purchases and in general grow to be far more discriminating in how you invest your income. Following a time you come across that you have a steadily growing quantity of savings which you set aside. When you locate that you have saved enough for that trip, you make use of your savings for the intended purpose and go on vacation. The external motivation is the vacation, which is also the reward for your act of saving for it.

Internal Motivation

On the other hand, there are other less-visible types of motivation.

It would be a mistake to say that such behaviour does not come with out its own rewards. To be much more precise, the end aim is not a visible or external thing, but much more internal and psychological. The achievement of these objectives - by itself also properly seen as a reward - is in general not visible to other persons.

Therefore, for instance, a student is motivated to get very good grades (external motivation) or merely, he desires to know a lot more about a particular subject (intrinsic motivation). Finding great grades is the reward visible to other people. For the student, the truth that he has grow to be an expert in a certain topic or lesson is also a psychological reward for his intrinsic desire to find out.

Profitable Motivated Behaviour

Very good and successful actions or behaviour usually entails the harmonizing of these two sorts of motivation. If 1 is driven by each intrinsic and extrinsic motivations, then inner conflict is lowered and a person is much more likely to devote uninterrupted and harmonious actions towards a certain process.

The inner and external rewards too, are great reinforcing mechanisms. For many individuals, this is really the means towards achievement. By picking objectives that you desire - each in its intrinsic and extrinsic rewards - you can harmonize your own actions and devote your energies to your goals. In such instances, the chances of achievement increases greatly.